What does being the “sons of God” mean?

Notice that “sons” is in the plural and not singular, which, when written with a capital “S” refers only to Jesus Christ. So, who are the “sons of God”? A quick survey of the term in the New Testament tells us the sons of God are:

- those who “believe on his name” (John 1:12). - those who are “led by the Spirit of God” (Romans 8:14). - those to whom “the Father has given” His love (1 John 3:1). - those who are to “shine as lights in the world” (Phil. 2:15)

From one of his daily devotions, D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones has this following thought on being sons of God:

We begin to realize this, that we are now sons of God, children of God. We have this new dignity, this new standing, this new status, this glorious position in which we find ourselves. Go back again to that High Priestly prayer (John 17) and notice how our Lord says that we are to glorify Him in this world exactly as He glorified His Father. Have you realized that? That is the Christian life, that is the reason for living the Christian life; it is to realize that I belong to God and that I must glorify Him.... What a wonderful position! And the Spirit is in me and is enabling me to do it. He transforms my outlook and I lose the spirit of bondage again to fear....

I realize that the Holy Spirit is dwelling within me.... The Holy Spirit within us reminds us of our destiny. ‘If children, then heirs; heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ.’ ... The Christian is absolutely certain of his destiny.... It is not a question of ... striving to do something; it is a question of getting ready for the place to which you are going. The way to get rid of the spirit of bondage and fear is to know that, if you are a child of God, you are destined for heaven and for glory, and that all the things you see inside yourself and outside yourself cannot prevent that plan from being carried out.... ‘This is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith.’ Faith in what? Faith in my ultimate destiny.... There is nothing that is so calculated to promote holiness as the realization that we are heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, that our destiny is certain and secure, that nothing can prevent it.... That is the way to live the Christian life! Do not turn it into a law, but realize that you have received the Holy Spirit. Then work out this theme.... You belong to Christ, you are His brother... Do not worry about what you feel. The truth about you is glorious. If you are in Christ, rise to it ‘o’er sin and fear and care’. Take your full salvation and triumph and prevail.

In Christ, Pastor Robert Chew