The Means of Grace: Prayer
Q. 98. What is prayer?
A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires to God,[a] for things agreeable to his will,[b] in the name of Christ,[c] with confession of our sins[d] and thankful acknowledgement of his mercies.[e]
[a]. Psa 10:17; Psa 62:8; Mat 7:7-8
[b]. 1 John 5:14
[c]. John 16:23-24
[d]. Psa 32:5-6; Dan 9:4-19; 1 John 1:9
[e]. Psa 103:1-5; Psa 136:1-26; Php 4:6
Q. 99. What rule has God given for our direction in prayer?
A. The whole Word of God is of use to direct us in prayer,[a] but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called the Lord’s Prayer.[b]
[a]. 1 John 5:14
[b]. Mat 6:9-13
The Means of Grace: The Lord’s Prayer
Q. 100. What does the preface of the Lord’s Prayer teach us?
A. The preface of the Lord’s Prayer (which is, Our Father in heaven) teaches us firstly to draw near to God with all holy reverence[a] and confidence[b] as children to a father[c] able and ready to help us;[d] and secondly, that we should pray with and for others.[e]
[a]. Psa 95:6
[b]. Eph 3:12
[c]. Mat 7:9-11, cf. Luk 11:11-13; Rom 8:15
[d]. Eph 3:20
[e]. Eph 6:18; 1 Tim 2:1-2
Q. 101. What do we pray for in the first request?
A. In the first request (which is, Hallowed be your name) we pray that God may enable us and others to glorify him in all in which he makes himself known;[a] and that he would overrule all things for his own glory.[b]
[a]. Psa 67:1-3; Psa 99:3; Psa 100:3-4
[b]. Rom 11:33-36; Rev 4:11
Q. 102. What do we pray for in the second request?
A. In the second request (which is, Your kingdom come) we pray that Satan’s kingdom may be destroyed,[a] that the kingdom of grace may be advanced[b] and ourselves and others brought into it and kept in it;[c] and that the kingdom of glory may come quickly.[d]
[a]. Mat 12:25-28; Rom 16:20; 1 John 3:8
[b]. Psa 72:8-11; Mat 24:14; 1 Cor 15:24-25
[c]. Psa 119:5; Luk 22:32; 2 Thes 3:1-5
[d]. Rev 22:20
Q. 103. What do we pray for in the third request?
A. In the third request (which is, Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven) we pray that God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey and submit to his will in all things,[a] as the angels do in heaven.[b]
[a]. Psa 19:14; Psa 119; 1 Thes 5:23; Heb 13:20-21
[b]. Psa 103:20-21; Heb 1:14
Q. 104. What do we pray for in the fourth request?
A. In the fourth request (which is, Give us today our daily bread) we pray that by God’s free gift we may receive a sufficient share of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with them.[a]
[a]. Pro 30:8-9; Mat 6:31-34; Php 4:11, 19; 1 Tim 6:6-8
Q. 105. What do we pray for in the fifth request?
A. In the fifth request (which is, Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors) we pray that God, for Christ’s sake, would freely pardon all our sins;[a] and we are encouraged to ask this because, by his grace, we are enabled from the heart to forgive others.[b]
[a]. Psa 51:1-2, 7, 9; Dan 9:17-19; 1 John 1:7
[b]. Mat 18:21-35; Eph 4:32; Col 3:13
Q. 106. What do we pray for in the sixth request?
A. In the sixth request (which is, And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from the evil one) we pray that God would either keep us from being tempted to sin,[a] or support and deliver us when we are tempted.[b]
[a]. Psa 19:13; Mat 26:41; John 17:15
[b]. Luk 22:31-32; 1 Cor 10:13; 2 Cor 12:7-9; Heb 2:18
Q. 107. What does the conclusion attached to the Lord’s Prayer teach us?
A. The conclusion attached to the Lord’s Prayer (which is, For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory for ever, Amen) teaches us to take our encouragement in prayer from God only,[a] and in our prayers to praise him, ascribing kingdom, power and glory to him.[b] And in testimony of our desire and assurance to be heard, we say, Amen.[c]
[a]. Dan 9:4, 7-9, 16-19; Luk 18:1, 7-8
[b]. 1 Chr 29:10-13; 1 Tim 1:17; Rev 5:11-13
[c]. 1 Cor 14:16; Rev 22:20