Salvation and Its Benefits: Questions 29 to 38

God’s Effective Call

Questions 29 to 31

Q. 29. How are we made to share in the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. We are made to share in the redemption purchased by Christ by the effective application of it to us by his Holy Spirit.[a]

[a]. Tit 3:4-7

Q. 30. How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. The Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ by producing faith in us,[a] and by this uniting us to Christ in our effective calling.[b]

[a]. Rom 10:17; 1 Cor 2:12-16; Eph 2:8; Php 1:29
[b]. John 15:5; 1 Cor 1:9; Eph 3:17

Q. 31. What is effective calling?
A. Effective calling is the work of God’s Spirit by which he convinces us of our sin and misery, enlightens our minds in the knowledge of Christ,[a] and renewing our wills,[b] and so persuades and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ,[c] freely offered to us in the gospel.[d]

[a]. Acts 26:18; 1 Cor 2:10, 12; 2 Cor 4:6; Eph 1:17-18
[b]. Deut 30:6; Eze 36:26-27; John 3:5; Tit 3:5
[c]. John 6:44-45; Acts 16:14
[d]. Isa 45:22; Mat 11:28-30; Rev 22:17

Benefits in this life

Question 32

Q. 32. What benefits in this life are shared by those who are effectively called?
A. In this life those who are effectively called share in justification, adoption and sanctification, and the further benefits in this life which accompany or flow from them.[a]

[a]. Rom 8:30; 1 Cor 1:30; 1 Cor 6:11; Eph 1:5

Benefits in this life: Justification

Question 33

Q. 33. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God’s free grace[a] in which he pardons all our sins[b] and accepts us as righteous in his sight[c] for the sake of the righteousness of Christ alone, which is credited to us[d] and received by faith alone.[e]

[a]. Rom 3:24
[b]. Rom 4:6-8; 2 Cor 5:19
[c]. 2 Cor 5:21
[d]. Rom 4:6, 11; Rom 5:19
[e]. Gal 2:16; Php 3:9

Benefits in this life: Adoption

Question 34

Q. 34. What is adoption?
A. Adoption is an act of God’s free grace[a] by which we are received into the number and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God.[b]

[a]. 1 John 3:1
[b]. John 1:12; Rom 8:17

Benefits in this life: Sanctification

Question 35

Q. 35. What is sanctification?
A. Sanctification is the work of God’s free grace[a] by which we are renewed throughout in the image of God[b] and are enabled more and more to die to sin and live to righteousness.[c]

[a]. Eze 36:27; Php 2:13; 2 Thes 2:13
[b]. 2 Cor 5:17; Eph 4:23-24; 1 Thes 5:23
[c]. Eze 36:25-27; Rom 6:4, 6, 12-14; 2 Cor 7:1; 1 Pet 2:24

Further Benefits in This Life

Question 36

Q. 36. What benefits in this life accompany or flow from justification, adoption and sanctification?
A. The benefits in this life which accompany or flow from justification, adoption and sanctification are: assurance of God’s love,[a] peace of conscience,[b] joy in the Holy Spirit,[c] progress in holiness,[d] and perseverance in it to this life’s end.[e]

[a]. Rom 5:5
[b]. Rom 5:1
[c]. Rom 14:17
[d]. 2 Pet 3:18
[e]. Php 1:6; 1 Pet 1:5

Further Benefits: At Death

Question 37

Q. 37. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at death?
A. The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness[a] and immediately pass into glory;[b] and their bodies, being still united to Christ,[c] rest in their graves until the resurrection.[d]

[a]. Heb 12:23
[b]. Luk 23:43; 2 Cor 5:6, 8; Php 1:23
[c]. 1 Thes 4:14
[d]. Dan 12:2; John 5:28-29; Acts 24:15

Further Benefits: At the resurrection

Question 38

Q. 38. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?
A. At the resurrection Christ will immediately raise up in glory all believers;[a] he will openly acknowledge and acquit them in the day of judgement,[b] and they will enter into the full enjoyment of God[c] for all eternity.[d]

[a]. 1 Cor 15:42-43
[b]. Mat 25:33-34, 46
[c]. Rom 8:29; 1 John 3:2
[d]. Psa 16:11; 1 Thes 4:17