Christ the Mediator: The natures of Christ
Questions 21 to 22
Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ,[a] who, being the eternal Son of God[b] became man,[c] and so was and continues to be God and man, in two distinct natures and one person for ever.[d]
[a]. John 14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Tim 2:5-6
[b]. Psa 2:7; Mat 3:17; Mat 17:5; John 1:18
[c]. Isa 9:6; Mat 1:23; John 1:14; Gal 4:4
[d]. Acts 1:11; Heb 7:24-25
Q. 22. How did Christ, the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ, the Son of God, became man by taking to himself a body and a soul[a] like ours, being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the virgin Mary, and born of her,[b] yet without sin.[c]
[a]. Php 2:7; Heb 2:14, 17
[b]. Luk 1:27, 31, 35
[c]. 2 Cor 5:21; Heb 4:15; Heb 7:26; 1 John 3:5
Christ the Mediator: The three offices of Christ
Questions 23 to 26
Q. 23. What offices does Christ fill as our Redeemer?
A. Christ as our Redeemer fills the offices of a prophet,[a] of a priest,[b] and of a king,[c] in his states both of humiliation and exaltation.
[a]. Deut 18:18; Acts 2:33; Acts 3:22-23; Heb 1:1-2
[b]. Heb 4:14-15; Heb 5:5-6
[c]. Isa 9:6-7; Luk 1:32-33; John 18:37; 1 Cor 15:25
Q. 24. How does Christ fill the office of a prophet?
A. Christ fills the office of a prophet in revealing to us by his Word[a] and Spirit[b] the will of God for our complete salvation.[c]
[a]. Luk 4:18-19, 21; Acts 1:1-2; Heb 2:3
[b]. John 15:26-27; Acts 1:8; 1 Pet 1:11
[c]. John 4:41-42; John 20:30-31
Q. 25. How does Christ fill the office of a priest?
A. Christ fills the office of a priest in his once offering up of himself to God as a sacrifice, to satisfy divine justice[a] and reconcile us to God;[b] and in making constant intercession for us.[c]
[a]. Isa 53:1-12; Acts 8:32-35; Heb 9:26-28; Heb 10:12
[b]. Rom 5:10-11; 2 Cor 5:18; Col 1:21-22
[c]. Rom 8:34; Heb 7:25; Heb 9:24
Q. 26. How does Christ fill the office of a king?
A. Christ fills the office of a king in making us his willing subjects, in ruling and defending us,[a] and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.[b]
[a]. Psa 110:3; Mat 28:18-20; John 17:2; Col 1:13
[b]. Psa 2:6-9; Psa 110:1-2; Mat 12:28; 1 Cor 15:24-26; Col 2:15
Christ the Mediator: Christ’s state of humiliation
Q. 27. In what did Christ’s humiliation consist?
A. Christ’s humiliation consisted in being born, and that in a poor circumstances;[a] in being subject to God’s law;[b] in undergoing the miseries of this life,[c] the wrath of God[d] and the curse of death on the cross;[e] in being buried; and in continuing under the power of death for a time.[f]
[a]. Luk 2:7; 2 Cor 8:9; Gal 4:4
[b]. Gal 4:4
[c]. Isa 53:3; Luk 9:58; John 4:6; John 11:35; Heb 2:18
[d]. Psa 22:1 (Mat 27:46); Isa 53:10; 1 John 2:2
[e]. Gal 3:13; Php 2:8
[f]. Mat 12:40; 1 Cor 15:3-4
Christ the Mediator: Christ’s state of exaltation
Q. 28. In what does Christ’s exaltation consist?
A. Christ’s exaltation consists in his rising again from the dead on the third day;[a] in ascending into heaven;[b] in sitting at the right hand[c] of God the Father; and in coming to judge the world at the last day.[d]
[a]. 1 Cor 15:4
[b]. Psa 68:18; Acts 1:11; Eph 4:8
[c]. Psa 110:1; Acts 2:33-34; Heb 1:3
[d]. Mat 16:27; Acts 17:31